How to Manage Eczema

Over 30 million Americans have eczema (National Eczema Association, 2019). The prevalence of eczema is estimated to be 15-20% in children and 1-3% in adults. Eczema is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by dry skin and itchy red patches. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Eczema can negatively impact the quality of life. It can appear anywhere on the skin, but commonly seen on the face, neck, inner elbow, or behind the knees. It can appear on babies and children but could continue into adulthood.   

     

Types of Eczema

There are several types of eczema. However, the most common is atopic dermatitis.

Causes of Eczema

  1. Genetic
  2. Immunological
  3. Environmental

(The Eczema Society of Canada, 2019).

Flare-Ups and Triggers

Food allergy may contribute to an acute flare up.

Triggers include, certain soaps or household cleaners, clothing/fabric, sudden temperature changes- overheating, low humidity, and cold temperature, allergens, and stress.

Skin irritation causes the itching; hence the person with eczema scratches the area. Eczema is not contagious, so you cannot have it by touching someone that has it.

Complications

  1. Skin infection from scratching that might cause skin break
  2. Herpes infection on the skin
  3. Eye complications

Management and Treatment

  1. There is no cure for eczema. The goal of treatment is to manage the symptoms. Over the counter (OTC) medication to help with redness and itching, such as topical medications, or antibiotic cream if there is skin infection
  2. You can minimize flare-ups by minimizing or eliminating your triggers.
  3. Use moisturizer to keep the skin moist.
  4. Avoid scratching the area. You can pat the area if it is scratching.
  5. Keep your fingernails short so you do not tear your skin if you scratch.
  6. Use a humidifier in the home if the air is dry
  7. Avoid allergens, dust, and irritants.
  8. Get an allergy testing if you suspect allergy to certain foods.
  9. Lifestyle changes to avoid triggers.
  10. Natural and Alternative treatment- I can recommend Natural seed nutritional supplements because I discovered seed nutrition, and it worked for my little boy’s eczema after trying several topical creams with no significant improvement.      

References

National Eczema Association. (2019). What is Eczema. Retrieved from https://nationaleczema.org/eczema

The Eczema Society of Canada. (2019). About Eczema. Retrieved from https://eczemahelp.ca/about-eczema/

 

Most kids get itchy rashes

Funmilayo Owolabi